Tokyo is the world’s most populous metropolitan area and is the center of Japanese culture, economy, and politics. Tokyo is something of a miracle; a city that has literally risen from the ashes (the result of the World War II) to become one of the world’s leading economic centers.
Tokyo used to be known as “Edo”, which literally means “Gate of the river.” It was so named for its location at the mouth of the Sumida-gawa River. The city first became historically significant in 1603, when Tokugawa Ieyasu established his Shogunate (military government) there. By the late 18th century the sleepy backwater town became the most populous city in the world. When the Tokugawa clan fell from power and the authority of the emperor was restored in 1868, the emperor and the capital were moved from Kyoto to Edo, and the city became Tokyo, which literally means Eastern Capital.
Today’s Tokyo is a fascinating mix of the traditional and the modern – speedy and efficient transport system, state of the art electronics, atmospheric temples and shrines, cutting-edge fashion towers, wide variety of restaurants, and so on.
As for the climate, spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) are very mild. Tokyo has a relatively mild winter, while summer is hot and humid. June and September get relatively more rainfall than other months.